30 million Indian students will be subject to a unified credit system

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NEW DELHI: Now even school children will get credits during their School education including for activities such as the celebration of festivals in institutes, class tests and school cleaning. And these credits will be stored in the Academic Credit Bank (ABC) as in higher education. To create a one-of-a-kind next generation global instrument and unite all of India’s 30 crore student population under a unified credit system across preschool, school, higher education and vocational educationthe government plans to introduce National credit framework (NCrF) to align the education system by emphasizing that there should not be a strict separation between curricular and co-curricular or extracurricular programs or between vocational or academic tracks.
Taking as a basis the report of the high-level inter-ministerial committee on the NCrF, the Ministry of Education (MoE) on Wednesday launched a public consultation at the national level on the same subject. The framework aims to formulate a unified credit accumulation and transfer for general and vocational education and from school to higher education.
As expected in the National Education Policy 2020 To make education more holistic and effective by emphasizing the integration of general (academic) education, vocational education and experiential learning, it becomes imperative to establish and formalize a national credit accumulation and transfer system.
The NCrF provides for the crediting of all learning and the allocation, accumulation, storage, transfer and redemption of credits, subject to evaluation. According to the “Report of the High Level Inter-Ministerial Committee on the National Credit Accumulation and Transfer Framework” led by Nirmaljeet Singh Kalsi, Chairman of the National Council for Vocational Education and Training, while a student can earn up to 40 credits to learn up to 1200 hours per year, for preschool through class V, learning hours range from 800 to 1000 hours. By removing the strict separation between different areas of learning, i.e. arts and sciences, vocational and academic, curricular and co-curricular streams for the purpose of credit allocation and credit levels, l he attribution of credits is independent of courses, subjects or any learning subject to assessment.
Announcing the public consultation on the NCrF, Union Education Minister Dharmendra Pradhan said: “Credit has been elitist so far. Now someone who works on farms and has studied up to class VI will get credit for their experience, system in place for accreditation and assessment. After earning credits for four years, he or she will be able to appear for Class X through NIOS after achieving a minimum qualifying skill level. Assessing the knowledge, experience and skills of the candidate will help him to take the exam after two years and then to do a polytechnic diploma or other diplomas.
“Student registration will be activated by Aadhar and each applicant will be issued a university bank account number where degrees and credits will continue to be deposited. The digital locker will turn into a knowledge locker,” the minister added.
“From now on, credits will be available in school education and skills education. The NCrF is the basis in which we will have three synchronized verticals – the school education framework, the skills education framework and the framework of higher education. This will allow better mobility of students from one level to another and between institutions. It is an integrated system offering diversity and flexibility,” said Mr. Jagadesh Kumar, President of the UGC.
The report stated that, “As a result, learning should not be limited to teaching hours alone, but also encompass all other activities in educational institutions, previously classified as curricular, co-curricular and co-curricular.”
The NCrF was jointly developed by the University Grants Commission, All India Council for Technical Education, NCVET, National Institute of Open Schooling, CBSE, NCERT, MoE, Directorate General of Training and Ministry of Development skills.
The NCrF credit levels for school education go up to level 4, while for higher education from level 4.5. at level 8 (undergraduate levels 4.5, 5.0, 5.5 and 6.0, postgraduate levels 6.0, 6.5 and 7.0 and doctoral level 8) and for vocational education and training from level 1 to level 8.
“Credit points can be redeemed in accordance with ABC guidelines for entry or admission into tertiary, technical or vocational education programs/courses at multiple levels allowing for horizontal and vertical mobility with various options for side entrance,” the report said.
“The goal is for every student from school to have their credits stored in ABC. Progression from one level to the next is based on well-defined learning outcomes,” Kumar said, adding, “This system of credits offer several benefits to students Credits can be used for multiple entry and multiple exit at different levels Credits can be accumulated over a period of time to earn qualifications As all three systems are integrated into a credit framework common, students will benefit from increased flexibility and mobility.”
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