The Government of India has come up with a new solution to enable our young people to learn skills that would enable them to earn a living and lead a comfortable life. The intention is the holistic development of students from across the country. Consequently, the government led by the Bharatiya Janata Party in the center has come up with a revised national policy for skills development and entrepreneurship.
To integrate vocational education, allow the sharing of infrastructures and develop well-defined paths allowing students to pursue the academic and professional activities they have chosen, centers of competence are created throughout the ecosystem of the education and skills. The Ministry of Skills Development and Entrepreneurship is giving a boost to the National Education Policy (NEP). This initiative will ensure a broad convergence of vocational education with formal education in a progressive manner. The “Skill Hub” initiative focuses on introducing professional training programs into educational ecosystems.
Also, for the dissemination of entrepreneurship among students in their school life itself, the National Institute for Entrepreneurship and Small Business Development has written books on entrepreneurship for CBSE grades IX to XII .
Take advantage of the demographic advantage
With 65% of its youth of working age, India is poised to become a hub of livelihood opportunities. If there is a way to leverage this demographic advantage, it must be through developing the skills of young people so that it not only aids in their personal growth but also helps Bharat become an engine of economic growth. Hence, Skill India equips the youth of the country with skills that make them more employable and productive in their working environment.
Ready for work from day one
As part of the National Skills Qualifications Framework, Skill India offers a range of courses across 40 sectors across the country that are aligned with standards recognized by both industry and government. The courses help young people focus on getting the job done practically and help them improve their technical expertise so that they are ready from day one on the job. This would be beneficial not only for young people but also for private companies because they would not have to invest in the training of young recruits.
In line with this policy, the Narendra Modi government worked around the clock with experts in the broad field of education and came up with Skill India Mission comprising training programs from all Ministries/Departments.
For the dissemination of entrepreneurship among students in their school life itself, the National Institute for Entrepreneurship and Small Business Development has written books on entrepreneurship for CBSE grades IX to XII.
Under Skill India Mission, whose main objective is to provide adequate market relevant skills training to over 40 million youths by 2022, over 20 central ministries/departments are implementing programmes/ skills development programs to improve the skill levels of millions of people on a pan-Indian basis.
Through this pioneering program, 556.1 lakh people have been trained. As part of the Skill India mission, Ministry of Skills Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) has strengthened skills through various programs such as the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY), Jan Sikhshan Sansthan (JSS), national Apprenticeship Promotion Program (NAPS) and Craftsman training program (CTS) through Industrial training institutes (ITI), to young people across the country. Apart from the Ministry of Skills Development and Entrepreneurship, the youth of the country are getting vocational training through three major skills programs of other ministries viz. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojna (DDU-GKY) and the Rural Self-Employment Training Institutes (RSETI) implemented by the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) and Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojna– National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM) by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA). These programs are carried out according to the common standards decided by the empowered committee. The National Council for Vocational Education and Training (NCVET) has been established as the regulatory body in the field and is responsible for providing a National Skills Qualifications Framework (NSQF) to standardize vocational training in the country.
Encourage States to open universities of competence
The ministry does not have a plan to establish a skills college in the state. On a positive note, the Ministry has encouraged states to open Skills Universities with the aim of promoting skills education in an integrated and holistic manner with general education to ensure pathways for progression and mobility between forms of education and skills. The state government itself can establish skills universities through state law, as has been done by states like Haryana and Rajasthan.
The Department of School Education and Literacy of the Ministry of Education implements the component of the professionalization of school education under the aegis of Samagra Shiksha – an integrated curriculum for school education”, a centrally sponsored programme. The program aims to integrate vocational education with general academic education in all secondary/high schools; improve the employability and entrepreneurial capacities of students, by exposing them to the working environment; and raise students’ awareness of different career options to enable them to make a choice based on their abilities, skills and aspirations. The program covers public schools and government-subsidized schools.
As part of the vocational training component of Samagra Shiksha, NSQF-compliant vocational courses are offered to students in grades 9 through 12 at schools covered by the program. The Employability Skills module has become a compulsory part of vocational courses. It includes communication skills, self-management skills, information and communication technology skills, entrepreneurship skills and green skills.
Using vocational education to create jobs
Vocational courses are taught to students in grades 9 through 12. At secondary level, i.e. classes IX and X, vocational modules are offered to students as an additional subject. At the Sr secondary level, i.e. classes XI and XII, vocational courses are offered as a compulsory (elective) subject. State governments were also told that vocational courses should be treated on an equal footing with other academic subjects and given similar status in the subject spectrum.
After completing vocational education in schools, students have the option of opting for vocational courses in ITI/Polytechnics/B Voc colleges or opting for academic courses or considering self-employment depending on their aspirations and needs. The existing system of integrating vocational education with general education within the framework of Samagra Shiksha offers students the opportunity to choose a professional path according to their interests and aspirations.