Many social, cultural, economic, demographic, ecological, environmental and geographic problems existing in the world today require multidisciplinary approaches.
According to the NEP-2020, there should not be strict separations between arts and sciences, between curricular and extracurricular activities, between professional and academic streams. In order to eliminate unnecessary hierarchies between disciplines and dismantle silos between different areas of learning, NEP-2020 promotes multidisciplinary and holistic education with the broader goal of fostering unity and integrity of knowledge in addition to recognize, identify and duly nurture the unique abilities of each student, educating teachers as well as parents to foster the holistic development of each student in both academic and non-academic areas.
By 2040, all higher education institutions will strive to become multidisciplinary institutions, each with 3,000 or more students. There must be, by 2030, at least one major multidisciplinary teaching and research university (MERU) in each district of the country.
It aims to convert all autonomous educational institutions, including IITs, IIMs and NITs, into multidisciplinary educational institutions by 2035. According to the NEP-2020 document, “another goal of multidisciplinary education will be to instill a sense of deep roots and pride in India through an understanding and appreciation of its rich culture, philosophy, traditions, diversity and contributions to the world of science, mathematics , literature and knowledge. It will promote quality education through personal achievement and enlightenment, constructive public engagement, and productive contribution to society.